EGY Verbs

pronouns are attached to the end of the verb. REMEMBER UNDERLINED LETTERS NOT USUALLY WRITTEN

Here are a some examples:

Subject I know Ahmed Ana oarf AHmd أنا َ عا َر ِف أحمـَد
Subject, object I know him Ana oarfuh
أنا َ عا َر ِفـُه
Object Ahmed saw her yesterday AHmd cafha EmbarH أحمـَد شا َفها َ إمبا َر ِح
Object Sarah knows him sare oarfah سا َر َة عا َر ِفـــَه
Object, Indirect give it(m) to me! ad-ihuli (pron id-)
ا ِدّيــهولي

MY, YOUR etc

possessive endings: my-i      your-ak/ik(m/f)      his-uh      her-ha      our-na      your(pl)-ku      their-hum

MALE NOUNS:      my book – ktab-i
their house – bit-hum

FEMALE NOUNS:      your ticket (f tazkre) – tazkretik if ticket of a woman, and tazkretak for a man
our bag (f cante) – cantetna

these same endings are also used for some verbs:
HAVE – I have- ondi      you have- ondak/ik      he- ondu      she- ondaha      we- ondina      you(pl)- onduku      they- onduhum
HAD – I had- kan ondi       etc..
WILL HAVE – I will have- haikun ondi         etc..


show me! uarini و َرّيــني similar to endings: my –i
I saw you(m) Ana cuftak أنا َ شـُفتـــَك your –ak(m)
I love you(f) Ana bHibik أنا َ بـَحـِبّـِــك ik(f)
I know him Ana oarifuh أنا َ عا َر ِفـــُه his –u
he envies her(f) hua bihsad-ha (pron. biyi-)
ـهاَ her –ha
nobody helped us mHadic saoidna مـَحـَدّ ِش سا َعـِدناَ our –na
you(pl) kum (possesive no m) ـكـُم your(pl) –ku (direct adds m)
I told them Ana qultilhum أنا َ قـُلتـِلــهـُم their –hum


give it(f) to me idihali ا ِدّيها َلي 
to me -li ـلي
to you(m) -lak ـلـَك
to you(f) -lik ـلـِك
to him/it(m) -lu ـلُ
to her/it(f) -laha ـلـَهاَ
to us -lina ـلـِناَ
to you(pl) -luku ـلـُكُ
to them -luhum ـلـُهـُم
Tense English Egyptian
perfect he wrote hua katab هـُوّ َ كـَتـَب
simple imperfect he must write hua lajm iktib هـُوّ َ لا َز ِم يـِكتـِب
bi-imperfect he writes hua biktib (pron. biyi-) هـُوّ َ بـِيـِكتـِب
ha-imperfect he will write hua hiktib (pron. hayi-) هـُوّ َ هـَيـِكتـِب
English Pronoun Verb
I wrote Ana ktbt أناَ كـَتـَبــت 
you(m) wrote Inta ktbt إنتَ كـَتـَبــت
you(f) wrote Inti ktbti إنتِ كـَتـَبــتي
he/it(m) wrote hua ktb هـُوَّ كـَتـَب
she/it(f) wrote hia ktbit هـِيَ كـَتـَبـــِت
we wrote IHna ktbna إحناَ كـَتـَبــناَ
you(pl) wrote Intua ktbtua (pron. -tu)
إنتوا كـَتـَبــتوا
they wrote huma ktbua (pron. -u)
هـُمّاَ كـَتـَبــوا

Simple imperfect

I must write        Ana lajm Aktib أناَ لا َز ِم أكتـِب The imperfect has no meaning on its own:
it is used in four ways:

with kan كا َن for things
that happened in the past

with modals like must-lajm, want to-oaij,
could-mmkn, should-mfrud, might-imkn

with bi-prefix for things happening now
with ha-prefix for things that will happen
you(m) must write   Inta lajm tktib إنتَ/تِ لا َز ِم تـِــكتـِب
you(f) must write    Inti lajm tktibi إنتَ/تِ لا َز ِم تـِــكتـِبـي
he must write     hua lajm iktib هـُوَّ لا َز ِم يـِــكتـِب
she must write     hia lajm tktib هـِيَ لا َز ِم تـِــكتـِب
we must write     IHna lajm nktib إحناَ لا َز ِم نـِــكتـِب
you(pl)must write’    Intua  lajm tktibua إنتوا لا َز ِم تـِــكتـِبــوا
they must write       huma lajm iktibua هـُمّاَ لا َز ِم يـِــكتـِبــوا


I write               Ana baktib أناَ بـَــكتـِب For the majority of verbs,
the b-imperfect is used to describe
things happening now,
and for habitual actions.

simple imperfect, with a b- بـِ in front. you(m) write     Inta btktibإنتَ بـِتـِــكتـِب you(f) write       Inti btktibiإنتِ بـِتـِــكتـِبــي he/it(m) writes  hu biktibهـُوَّ بـِيـِــكتـِب she/it(f) writes  hi btktibهـِيَ بـِتـِــكتـِب we write IHna bnktibإحناَ بـِنـِــكتـِب you(pl) write      Intua btktibuaإنتوا بـِتـِــكتـِبــوا they write         huma biktibuaهـُمّاَ بـِيـِــكتـِبــوا

FUTURE or ha-imperfect

simple imperfect, with ha- هـَ in front (Ha- in Alexandria)

I will write Ana haktib أناَهـَــكتـِب
you(m) will write   Inta hatiktib إنتَهـَتـِــكتـِب
you(f) will write     Inti hatiktibi إنتِهـَتـِــكتـِبــي
he/it(m) will write   hua haiiktib هـُوَّهـَيـِــكتـِب
she/it(f) will write   hia hatiktib هـِيَهـَتـِــكتـِب
we will write         IHna haniktib إحناَهـَنـِــكتـِب
you(pl) will write   Intu hatiktibu إنتواهـَتـِــكتـِبــوا
they will write         huma hayiktibu هـُمّاَهـَيـِــكتـِبــوا

haikun – will be

Ana hakun, IHna hankun, Inta hatkun, Inti hatkuni, Intu hatkunu

hua haikun, hia hatkun, huma haikunu

the party will be good alHafla hatkun kuaise ا ِلحـَفلـَة هـَتكون كـُو َيـِسـَة
there will be a lot of wind tomorrow haikun fi hauaAD ktir bukra هـَيكون في هـَوا َء كـِتير بـُكر َة
will be free at five Ana hakun fadi isaAe xamse أنا َ هـَكون فا َضي ا ِلسا َعـَة خـَمسـَة


examples from copyright © 2007-2012 Mike Green

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